Friday, 26 April 2019

Agriculture & Forestry

Agriculture & Forestry

CSS AGRICULTURE & FORESTRY SYLLABUS
Total Marks: 100
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Part-I: Agriculture (50 marks)
I. Concept of Integrated Agriculture: Components of natural resources as bases for agriculture production (Land, Water, biological, Environmental, Solar, Energy).
II. Challenges in Pakistan’s Agriculture: Present scenario and future prospects. Analytical overview: issues and strategies for improvement of crop management, livestock management, fisheries, cottage industry, resource management and rural development. Institutions and policies: issues and options.
III. Elements of Climate and their Relationship with Crop Growth: Farming Systems, biological nitrogen fixation, soil profile, structure and texture, soil fertility, soil erosion and conservation, water logging and salinity.
IV. Genetic Improvement for Crop Production: GMO crops, Seed production technology.
V. Horticulture: Floriculture, landscaping, pests and diseases of agriculture crops and their control, integrated pest management.
VI. Rainfield and Irrigated Agriculture: Agriculture mechanization, land tenure and land reforms, role of agriculture in national economy.
Part-II: Forestry (50 marks)
  • Forest, rangelands and wildlife importance and significance
  • Forest management and utilization, wood based industries in Pakistan, silviculture
  • Range management and utilization
  • National and international forest wealth statistics
  • Role of wildlife as value addition to forestry
  • Forest based wildlife resources of Pakistan and their management, eco-tourism
  • Forestry, agroforestry, social forestry and forest biometrics
  • Socio-economic and ecological impact of man made forests
  • Watershed Management and role of forests in prevailing climate change dilemma
  • National forest laws and policies at national level, biodiversity & environment

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