Friday, 26 April 2019

CSS Anthropology Syllabus

CSS Anthropology Syllabus

Total Marks: 100
Time Allowed: 3 hours
I. Anthropology
  • Definition of anthropology, its historical development and recent trends.
II. Social Anthropology
  • Definition of culture, its characteristics and functions
  • Relationship of anthropology with other social sciences
  • Sub fields of anthropology:
    – Biological Anthropology
    – Archaeology
    – Linguistic Anthropology
    – Socio-Cultural Anthropology
  • Institution of Family and Marriage
    (Definitions, types, structures, functions, family organization)
  • Kinship and Social Organization
    (Definitions, types, functions, kinship terminology etc)
  • Political Organization:
    (Definitions, evolution of political system, characteristics of (band, tribal, chiefdom and state societies), theories of the origin of state societies (internal conflict theories, external conflict theories, population and irrigation theories, institutionalization of leadership and the emergence of state, system theories), origin of civilization, the politics of identity, ethnicity and ethnic relations, nationalism, modernism, post-modernism etc.
  • Religion:
    (Definitions, evolution of primitive religions, functions of religion, comparison of devine religions and other world religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism etc)
  • Contemporary Human Problems:
    Poverty, social inequality, political instability, population problems, ethnic violence and terrorism etc.
III. Urban Anthropology
Rural-urban migration, expansion of cities, major environmental issues, sanitation problems, urbanization and development, establishment of slums and squatter settlements, refugees, yankees, betties, gypsies, wars and conflict, conversion of power from feudal to industrialists, institutionalization, education system, and change in the mode of production (agriculture to capitalists), poverty (theories and remedies), management of city life (psychological, cultural, economic, political, religious, physical, environmental, ecological, demographical, lingual etc.), Karl Marx and conflict theory, problems created by the mechanization and automation.
IV. Socio-Cultural Change
Definitions, difference between social and cultural change, various dimension of cultural change, barriers to cultural change including (culture, psychological and political), internal dynamics for change, external dynamics for change, population incease and change, diffusion of innovations, socio-religious barriers in accepting the innovations and new ideas, media and cultural change, dynamics of change in Pakistan (Trends and prospects)
V. Ethnicity and Race
Theories related to ethnicity and race, ethnicity and racism, nations and nationality, ethnic conflict, degree of social variation, rank societies, caste and class societies and social stratification etc.
VI. Anthropological Theories
  • Contributors: (Edward Burnett Taylor, Lewis Henry Morgan, James Frazer, Karl Marx, Edmund Leach, Franz Boas, Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict, Alfred L. Krobber, Alfred Reginald Radcliffe-Brown, Bronislaw Kasper Malinowski, Clifford Geertz, Talal Asad, Akbar S. Ahamd, Ibn Khaldun, Shah Walliullah).
  • Classical Theories: (Degenerations, Evolutionism, Neo-Evolutionism, Diffusions)
  • Modern Theories: (Functionalism, Structural-functionalism, Class struggle, Structuralism, Historical Particularism, Feminism, Culture and personality)
  • Current Trends in Anthropological Thoughts: (Post Modernism, Romanticism, Poetics and Politics of Ethnography)
VII. Anthropological Research Methods
  • Meaning, definition, types and aims of anthropological research
  • Qualitative and Quantitative research
  • Purpose of research, research question, variables, hypothesis, research objective(s), research design, sampling, field data collection, tools of data collection (questionnaire, interview, participant observation), data classification, data analysis, and reporting.

CSS Sociology Syllabus

CSS Sociology Syllabus

Total Marks: 100
Time Allowed: 3 hours
I. General Sociology
  1. Individual: Sociability or the sociality of man.
  2. Culture: Meaning and Characteristics (Culture is variable, learnt, social, shared, transmissive, dynamic and adaptive), types (Material, Non –material), functions (transfer of knowledge, define situation, provide behaviour pattern, moulds personality) and elements of culture (norms, values, beliefs, sanctions, customs).Culture and Socialization; formal and non-formal socialization, transmission of culture, cultural relativism. Sub-cultures. Ethnocentrism and xenocentrism, Cultural lag, High culture and popular culture. Multiculturalism, assimilation, and acculturation.
  3. Society: Meaning and characteristics. Community; meaning and characteristics. Individual and society. Relationship between individual and society. Two main theories regarding the relationship of man and society (i) the social contact theory and (ii) the organismic theory. Social and cultural evolution of society (Hunting and Gathering Society, Herding and Advance Herding Society, Horticultural Society, Agrarian Society, Industrial Society, Post modern Society).
  4. Social Interaction: Caste and classes, Forms of social classes, Feudal system in Pakistan, Social Mobility-nature of social mobility and its determinants in Pakistani society, Culture of poverty.
  5. Social Control: Mechanisms of social control-formal and informal means of social control, Anomie, Alienation and social Integration-Means of social integration in Pakistani Society.
  6. Social and Cultural Change and Social Policy: Processes of Social and Cultural Change-discovery, Inhibitions to social and cultural change in Pakistan, Social planning and directed social and cultural change, Effect of Industrialization, Urbanization, Modernization and Modern Means of Communication on Social Change.
  7. Public Opinion: Formation of public openion, concept of opinion leader, characteristics of opinion leadership.
  8. Community: The rural community, Traditional Characteristics of rural life, The urban community, Rural – Urban convergence, Urbanism, Future of cities in Pakistan.
  9. Social Institutions: The nature and genesis of institutions, The process of institutionalization, Functions of Social Institutions: Family, Religion, Education, Economy and Politics.
  10. Social Problems in Pakistan: High population growth rate, Rural-urban migration. Issues of technical/vocational training, Deviance and street crime, Unemployment, illiteracy and School drop out, Smuggling, Prostitution, Poverty, Drug Addiction, Child Labour and Abuse, Bonded Labour, Social customs and Traditions affecting Women in Pakistan, Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence, Issues concerning the Elderly in Pakistan.
II. Sociological Theory:
Three sociological perspectives: Structural Functionalism, Symbolic interactions and Conflict. Theorists: Ibn-i-Khaldun, Spencer, August Comte, Emile Dukheim, Max Weber, Karl Marx, Parson.
III. Methods of Sociological Research:
Scientific Method, Steps in research, Types of Questionnaire Research Design, Surveys, Observation and Case Studies.

CSS Geography Syllabus

CSS Geography Syllabus

Total Marks: 100
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Part – I (Marks 50)
Physical Geography
I. Factors controlling landform development; endogenic and exogenic forces; origin and evolution of the earth’s crust; physical conditions of the earth’s interior; geosynclines; continental drift; isostasy; sea-floor spreading; plate tectonics; mountain building; volcanicity; earthquakes; concepts of geomorphic cycles; landforms associated with fluvial, arid, glacial, coastal and Karst cycle; groundwater.
II. Elements and Factors of climate, structure and composition of atmosphere, insolation, temperature, Pressure belts of the world; Heat budget of the earth; Atmospheric circulation: planetary,monsoon and local winds; Air masses and Fronts; Hydrological cycle; Types of condensation and precipitation; Factors of global distribution of precipitation.
III. Origin of oceans and seas, Characteristic features of the ocean basins, temperature, salinity distribution cause and effects, Ocean floor deposits, their characteristics and classification, Ocean circulation, Waves, currents and tides, their nature, causes and effects.
IV. Factors of climate and Environmental change. Transformation of nature by man; environmental degradation and conservation; Nature and Types of pollution. Problems caused by pollution, Global Warming, Global Environment Patterns, Environmental Hazards and Risk Management.
Part – II (Marks 50)
Human Geography
V. Origin and Diffusion of Culture, Geographic patterns of culture, Classification of Languages, World Distribution of Languages, Indo-European Languages, Origins of Religions, Diffusion of Religions, Global Distribution, Regional conflicts, Ethnicities and Nationalities, Ethnic Conflicts, Ethnic Diversity in the World, Factors of Ethnic Cleansing, Ethnic Cleansing in the World, Development Indicators, Economic Indicators, Social Indicators, Health Indicators, Development through Trade, Impacts of development Indicators.
VI. Factors effecting Agriculture, Subsistence Agriculture and population growth, Commercial Agriculture and Market Forces, Sustainable Agriculture, Types and Distribution of Agriculture, Factors of Industrial locations, The Industrial Revolution, Industrial Theories, Distribution of Industries and Industrial Estates, Renewable Resources, Recycling Resources, Sustainable resources.
VII. Factors of Population Growth, Components of Change, Population Structure, The Demographic Transition, World distribution of Population, Over and under Population threats and their consequences, Models of Internal Structure of Cities, World Urban Patterns, Settlement Theories, Patterns and Problems within urban areas.
VIII. Politics, Geography and Political Geography, State as a Politico-Territorial Phenomenon, State, Nation and the Nation-State, World Politics and International Relations, Geopolitics of uneven Development and Globalization of Capital, Geography of Tourism and Recreation, The demand for tourism and recreation, The supply for tourism and recreation, The impact of tourism and recreation: (Socioeconomic impacts, Physical-environmental impacts), Global patterns in health and diseases, Models in medical geography, Recent issues and developments.

CSS Psychology Syllabus

CSS Psychology Syllabus

Total Marks: 100
Time Allowed: 3 hours
I. Nature and Scope of Psychology: Definition and scope, Psychology as a Science, Schools, Perspectives, and Models of Psychology, Recent Trends.
II. Biological Basis of Behaviour: Nervous System, Neuron and its function, Central and Peripheral Nervous System, Endocrine System.
III. Sensation and Perception: Sensory process, Perception, Gestalt Principles, Binocular and Monocular cues, Illusions and Extra Sensory Perception, Determinants of Perception.
IV. Learning and Memory: Nature and Forms of Learning, Types of learning: Classical and Operant Conditioning, Reinforcement, Extinction, Discrimination, Punishment, Observational Learning, Theories of Learning, Types of Memory, Process of Memory, Forgetting, Theories of Memory.
V. Motivation and Emotion: Homeostasis, Factors affecting Motivation, Biogenic and Social Motives, Measurement of Human Motivation, Theories of Motivation, Emotions, Types of Emotions, Physiological changes in Emotion, Theories of Emotions.
VI. Psychological Assessment: Attributes of Psychological Measures, Validity, Reliability, Item Analysis, Norms, Modern Test Theory, Selection and Training, Educational and Clinical Assessment, Ethical and Legal Issues in Assessment.
VII. Personality: Determinants of Personality, Factors in Development of Personality, Theoretical Perspectives, Personality Assessment and Techniques, Cross-Cultural Issues.
VIII. Intelligence: Theories of Intelligence, Types of intelligence (IQ, EQ), Assessing Intelligence.
IX. Social Influence and Group Dynamics: Social Facilitation, Attribution, Conformity, Obedience, Altruism, Attitudes, Social Norms.
X. Developmental Psychology: Physical, Cognitive, Social and Emotional development in Childhood, Adolescence, Adulthood and Old Age.
XI. Abnormal and Clinical Psychology: Concept and causes of Abnormality, Clinical Assessment and Intervention, Different disorders such as Schizophrenia, Mood disorder, Anxiety disorder, Personality disorder, etc. Psychological treatment including different Therapeutic instructions.
XII. Organizational/Industrial Psychology: Leadership styles, Decision making, Work motivation, Organizational Culture, Stress and Conflict at Work and its Management, Organizational Socialization, Job related Attitude, Sexual Harassment, Glass Ceiling, Human Computer interaction.
XIII. Health Psychology: Beliefs and Behaviour, Models of Health Psychology, Assessment and Intervention, Models of Stress, Chronic and Terminal Illness, Role of Social Support.
XIV. Forensic Psychology: Psychology and Law, Investigation, Confession, Eyewitness Testimony, Working with Offenders, Juvenile Delinquents, Drug Addicts, Sex Offenders etc.

CSS JOURNALISM & MASS COMMUNICATION SYLLABUS

Journalism & Mass Communication

CSS JOURNALISM & MASS COMMUNICATION SYLLABUS 
Total Marks: 100
Time Allowed: 3 hours
I. Introduction to Mass Communication
  • Concept – Definitions, Need/Importance/Purposes, Types of Communication, Process of Communication, Basic Models.
  • Functions of a model, Evaluation of a model
  • Basic models in Mass Communication:-
    – Lasswell’s Model (1948)
    – Shannon-Weaver model (1948)
    – Osgood’s model (1954)
    – Schramm’s model (1954)
    – Newcomb’s symmetry theory (1953)
    – Westley-McLean’s model (1976)
    – Gerbner model (1956)
II. Mass Communication Theories
  • Normative theories of the press: Schramm’s four theories and criticism on these theories
  • Media as agents of power
  • The Spiral of silence
  • Media Usage and gratifications
  • Media hegemony
  • Diffusion of innovations
  • Powerful effects model: hypodermic needle, magic bullet theory.
  • Moderate effects model: two-step and multi-step flow of communication.
  • Powerful media revisited: Marshal McLuhan’s media determinism
III. Global / International Communication
  • The Historical Context of International Communication
  • Globalization, technology, and the mass media
  • Communication and Cultural imperialism
  • Communication Flow in Global Media: Imbalance in the flow of information between North and South
  • McBride commission and its recommendations
  • International Communication in the Internet Age: the new social media and its effects on developing world
IV. Media and Society
  • Mass media and social change
  • Media as a social system: The balance between interrelation and interdependence
  • Media freedom and its role for democracy,
  • The functional approach to mass media: four social functions of the media
  • Media as an awareness agent
  • Mass media and social representation
V. Mass Media in Pakistan:
  • Media system in Pakistan: historical, chronological, and analytical review
  • The system of journalism and the media system
  • Employer-employee relations in Pakistani media
  • Government-press relations
  • Press in Pakistan: The newspaper industry, from mission to the market
  • Electronic media: from total dependence to enormous power
  • The new 24/7 television: uses and abuses
  • The new radio: potential for change and the present performance.
  • The question of freedom and responsibility
VI. Development Support Communication
  • Theories of development support communication with specific focus on the developing world
  • The dominant paradigm of development: historical, analytical perspective
  • The Alternative paradigm of development
  • Small is beautiful: community development as a snowball effect.
  • Globalization vs Localization
  • Glocalization
  • Social Marketing: how to infuse new ideas into a developing population
VII. Public Relations:
  • Concept of Public Relations
  • Historical development of public relations: from press agentry to PR
  • Public relation in Pakistan
  • Ministry of information
  • Press Information Department (PID)
  • Public relations and publicity
  • PR as a tool for governance
  • Private PR agencies and their structure
  • Basic methods of PR: press release, press note, press conference
  • PR Ethics
VIII. Media Laws and Ethics:
  • History of Media Laws in Pakistan
  • Development of media regulations from British colonial era to independent Pakistan
  • Libel, Defamation and relevant portions of PPC
  • PPO, RPPPO
  • PEMRA: establishment, development, and operational mechanisms
  • Press Council of Pakistan (PCP)
  • Citizens Media Commission: need, present status, and reasons for inactivity
  • Press Code of Ethics
  • Inability of the media to develop a code of ethics as an institution
  • The media’s quest for freedom and its inability to self regulate.

CSS Philosophy Syllabus

CSS Philosophy Syllabus

Total Marks: 100
Time Allowed: 3 hours
I. Introduction:
Definition, Nature and Scope of Philosophy
II. Philosophical Methods:
Socratic Method (Socrates); Inductive Method (Bacon, Mill); Deductive Method (Aristotle, Descartes); Dialectical Method (Hegel); Fallibilistic Method (Popper).
III. Epistemology: Rationalism (Plato, Descartes, Spinoza); Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume); Transcendentalism (Kant); Intuitionism (Bergson)
IV. Ontology: Idealism (Plato, Berkeley); Representative Realism (Locke); Historical and Dialectical Materialism (Marx)
V. Ethics: What is morality? The challenge of cultural relativism; Does morality depend on religion? Psychological and ethical egoism: Virtue Ethics (Aristotle); Moral Absolutism (Kant), Utilitarianism (J.S. Mill); Social Contract Theory (Hobbes, Rawls)
VI. Muslim Thinkers: Al-Farabi, Ibn Sina, Al-Ghazali, Ibn Rushid, Ibn Khaldun, Shah Waliullah, Muhammad Iqbal.
VII. Contemporary Philosophical Movements:
Existentialism (Heidegger, Sartre); Pragmatism (Peirce, James, Dewey); Neo-pragmatism (Rorty); Postmodernism (Lyotard, Foucault, Derrida).

CSS Criminology Syllabus

CSS Criminology Syllabus

Total Marks: 100
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Section – I (25 Marks)
I. Introduction
Basic concepts used in understanding crime, criminality and criminal behaviour.
II. Understanding Criminology
Definition, meaning and scope of criminology; Criminology and criminal law; Crime as social problem; Deviance, Sin Vice, Evil, Norms, Values; Security (Physical, Social, Economic).
III. Crime and Criminals
Occasional criminals, Habitual criminals, Professional criminals, White-collar crime, Organized crime, corporate crimes.
IV. Crime and Criminality: Theoretical Perspectives
Early explanation of criminal behavior
  • Biological Theories; Psychological Theories; Sociological Theories.
    – Social Disorganization theory
    – Strain theory
    – Social Control theory
    – Learning theory
    – Labeling Theory
  • Islamic perspective on deviance and crime.
Section – II (25 Marks)
V. Juvenile Delinquency
Meaning, definitions (Behavioral Vs Legal), Juvenile delinquent Vs status offender, Official statistics of juvenile delinquency
VI. Juvenile Justice System
  • Role of police
  • Juvenile court process:
    – pretrial, trial and sentencing
    – Role of prosecutor, defense counsel, juvenile judge, juvenile probation officer
  • Juvenile correctional institutions; probation and non-punitive alternatives
VII. The Criminal Justice System:
  • Police and its role
  • Trial and Conviction of Offenders
    – Agencies: formal and informal
    – Criminal courts: procedures and problems
    – Role of prosecutors
  • Prisons, Probation and Parole
VIII. Punitive and Reformative Treatment of Criminals
Corporal punishment, Imprisonment, Rehabilitation of criminals.
Section – III (25 Marks)
IX. Criminal Investigation
Principles of criminal investigation, Manual of preliminary investigation, Intelligence operations, Data base investigation, Electronic investigation, Forensic Investigation.
X. Techniques of Investigations
Gathering information from persons, Interviewing and interrogation techniques, Criminal investigation analysis,
XI. Legal and Ethical Guidelines for Investigators
Stop and frisk operations, Arrest procedures, Search and seizure
XII. International Policing and Criminal Justice Monitoring Organizations
UNAFEI, INTERPOL, EUROPOL, UNODC, UNICEF, IPA, etc.
Section – IV (25 Marks)
XIII. Modern Concepts in Contemporary Criminology
  • Terrorism, Radicalism and War on Terror
  • Media’s representation of Crime and the Criminal Justice System
  • Modern Law Enforcement and Crime Prevention
    – Intelligence-led Policing
    – Community Policing
    – Private Public Partnership
  • Gender and Crime in Urban and Rural Pakistan
  • Crime and Urbanization, Organized Crime and White-Collar Crime
  • Human Rights Abuses and Protection, especially of Children; Women and Minorities; The role of civil society and NGOs
  • Money-laundering
  • Cyber Crime
  • Role of NAB, FIA, ANF

CSS Mercantile Law Syllabus

CSS Mercantile Law Syllabus

Total Marks: 100
Time Allowed: 3 hours
I. Law of Contract, 1872
  • Definitions
  • Essentials of a valid contract (Proposal, Acceptance, Consideration, Free consent, Capacity of Parties, Not hereby declared to be Void)
  • Kinds of Contracts (Valid, Void, Voidable, Not Voidable)
  • Variety of Contracts (Contingent, Quasi, Bailment, Pledge, Indemnity, Agency)
  • Performance of Contract, contracts that need not to be performed
  • Breach of contract, consequences of breach, damages for breach of contract
II. Sales of Goods Act, 1930
  • Definitions
  • Differences: Sale & agreement to sell, conditions and warranties, express & implied conditions
  • Doctrines: Caveat emptor, Nemo dat
  • Right and duties of seller & buyer, rights of unpaid seller
III. Partnership Act, 1932
  • Definitions
  • Essentials of partnership
  • Kinds of partnership (partnership at will, particular partnership, limited partnership)
  • Rights and duties of Partners
  • Relation of partners to third persons (implied authority of partner, doctrine of holding out)
  • Incoming and outgoing partners (minor)
  • Dissolution of firms (compulsory, by agreement, by court, by notice on happening of contingencies)
IV. Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881
  • Definitions
  • Types of negotiable instruments (Cheque, bill of exchange, promissory note)
  • Parties to instruments, holder & holder in due course
  • Rules (as to negotiation, presentment, payment & interest, discharge, noting and protest, compensation, acceptance, payment for honour)
  • Special rules of evidence
  • Special provisions relating to cheques & bills of exchange (dishonor, duties of banker)
  • Provisions as to foreign instruments
V. Competition Act, 2010
  • Definitions
  • Prohibition and abuse of (dominant position, certain agreements, discipline, marketing practices)
  • Approval of mergers
  • Competition commission of Pakistan (established, composition, term)
  • Functions and powers of commission
  • Provisions as to penalty and appeals
VI. Electronic Transaction Ordinance, 2002
  • Definitions
  • Recognition and presumption of electronic transactions (writing, signature, stamp duty, attestation etc.)
  • Electronic documents (attribution, acknowledgement, time and place of dispatch)
  • Certification of service providers
  • Application to acts done outside Pakistan
  • Offences & Nature (false information, false certificates, damage to information system etc)
VII. The Arbitration Law in Pakistan
  • Definitions
  • Appointment, number and removal of arbitrator
  • Award by arbitrator
  • Powers of court upon award (remittance, modification and setting aside of award)
  • Types of arbitration (with or without intervention of court)
  • Stay of legal proceedings in presence of arbitration agreement
VIII. Consumer’s Protection Act, 2006
  • Definitions
  • Consumer Commission (establishment, powers and functions, complaints before commission and disposal)
  • Provisions as to compulsory recall of goods
  • Duties and liabilities of provider of goods (return and refund of goods)
  • Offences and penalties
  • Contract between consumer and provider
IX. Companies Ordinance, 1984
  • Definitions
  • Types of Companies
  • Fundamental papers of company (Memorandum of association, articles of association, prospectus)
  • Transfer of shares and debentures
  • Management and administration (promoters, share holders, directors, chief executive, auditors)
  • Meeting’s and proceedings (statutory, general, annual general meeting)
  • Winding up (voluntary, by court)
X. Electronic Fund Transfer Act, 2007
  • Definitions
  • Payment system and their operation (designation of payment system & revocation, real time gross settlement system, governance & operation arrangement)
  • Payment instruments (designation, issuing and prohibition of instruments)
  • Clearing and other obligations
  • Supervisory Control of state bank
  • Documentation of transfers
  • Notification of error and liabilities of parties
  • Law relating to action before court

CSS Muslim Law and Jurisprudence Syllabus

Muslim Law & Jurisprudence

CSS Muslim Law and Jurisprudence Syllabus
Total Marks: 100
Time Allowed: 3 hours
I. The Sources of Islamic Law
  • The Quran
  • The Sunnah
  • Ijma
  • Qiyas
  • Ijtehad
II. Principles of Islamic Jurisprudenc
III. Islamic Criminal Law
  • Hadd
  • Taz’ir
  • Qisas and Diyat
IV. Islamic Family Law
  • Marriage
  • Dower
  • Divorce
  • Separation by Repudiation (Talaq)
  • Separation by Mutual Agreement (Khula)
  • Judicial Separation (Faskh)
  • Post-Divorce Maintenance
  • Child Custody
  • Succession
V. Islamic Law of Contract
VI. Islamic Banking and Insurance
VII. Islamic International Law
VIII. Islamic Law and Human Rights
IX. Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act, 1939
X. Muslim Family Laws Ordinance 196

CSS International Law Syllabus

CSS International Law Syllabus

CSS International Law Syllabus
Total Marks: 100
Time Allowed: 3 hours
I. Nature, Origin and Basis of International Law.
  • The Emergence of International Law, Early European Authors, The Nation-State System, The Enforcement of International Law, The Effectiveness of International Law, The Weakness of International Law, The Juridical Basis of International law, The Future of International law and Material Sources of International Law.
II. Relation between International Law and State Law.
  • Article 38 of the Statute of International Court of Justice, Primary Sources of International Law, Subsidiary Sources of International Law, International Soft Law.
III. State in General and Recognition
  • Personality and Statehood in International Law, The Subjects of International Law, Recognition of State and Government in International Law, Recognition of State and Government in National Law.
IV. The Law and Practice as to Treaties
  • The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
V. The Settlement of International Disputes.
  • Negotiation, Mediation and Good Offices, Inquiry, Settlement by the United Nations, Conciliation, Arbitration, The International Court of Justice.
VI. International Humanitarian Law.
  • International and Non-International Armed Conflicts, Non-International Armed Conflict, ‘Combatant’ and ‘Protected Persons’, Protection of Wounded, Sick and Ship-Wrecked Persons, POWs, Civilians, Limitations on the Conduct of War, Limits on the Choice of Methods and Means of Warfare.
VII. The Use of Force
  • The Law before the UN Charter, The Law after the Charter, The Collective Use of Force, The Right of Self-Defence.
VIII. International Institutions
IX. State Territorial Sovereignty
X. State Responsibility
XI. State Jurisdiction
XII. Succession to Rights and Obligations
XIII. The State and the Individual
XIV. The State and the Economic Interest
XV. Diplomatic Envoys, Counsels and other Representatives
XVI. War, Armed Conflicts and other Hostilities
XVII. Neutrality

CSS Constitutional LAW Syllabus

Constitutional Law

CSS Constitutional LAW Syllabus
Total Marks: 100
Time Allowed: 3 hours
I. Definition and Scope of Constitutional Law, Basic Constitutional Concepts (Constitutional Conventions, Rule of Law, Due Process), Constitutional Structures (Parliamentary, Presidential, Separation of Powers), Judiciary (Independence of Judiciary, Judicial Review, Theories of Constitutional Interpretation) Fundamental Human and Political Rights and Civil Liberties (freedom of speech, association, assembly, movement and Right to Counsel, life, property, religion, privacy, self incrimination, double jeopardy).
II. Principles of Constitutional Law with special reference to United Kingdom, United States of America, France, Russia, China, Pakistan, India and Turkey.
III. Constitutional History of Pakistan: Principles of Constitutional Law of Pakistan, Salient feature of the Government of India Act, 1935, Indian Independence Act 1947, Objectives Resolution 1949, Constitutions of 1956, 1962 and 1973, Abrogation and Suspension of the Constitutions and the Martial Laws, Legal Framework Order, 1970, The PCO of 1981, The RCO of 1985, The LFO-2002, Amendments in the 1973 Constitution.
IV. Legal Development:
  • Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan v. Federation of Pakistan PLD 1955 Sindh 96
  • Federation of Pakistan vs. Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan, PLD 1955 FC 240
  • Reference by the Governor-General PLD 1955 FC 435
  • State v. Dosso PLD 1958 SC 533
  • Usif Patel v. Crown PLD 1955 FC 387
  • Begum Nusrat Bhutto v. Chief of the Army Staff PLD 1977 SC 657
  • Hakim Khan v. Government of Pakistan PLD 1992 SC 595
  • Nawaz Sharif v. President of Pakistan PLD 1993 SC 473
  • Benazir Bhutto v. the President of Pakistan PLD 1992 SC 492
  • Khawaja Muhammad Sharif, PLD 1988 Lah. 725
  • Federation of Pakistan v. Haji Saifullah Khan PLD 1989 SC 166
  • Khawaja Ahmad Tariq Rahim PLD 1992 SC 646
  • Benazir Bhutto v. President of Pakistan, PLD 1998 SC 388
  • Asma Jilani v. Government of the Punjab PLD 1972 SC 139
  • State v. Zia ur Rehman PLD 1973 SC 49
  • Mahmood Khan Achakzai v. Fed. of Pakistan PLD 1997 SC 426
  • Zafar Ali Shah v. General Pervez Musharraf, PLD 2000 SC 869
  • Sindh High Court Association v. Federation of Pakistan, PLD 2009 SC 879

CSS Law Syllabus

CSS Law Syllabus

Total Marks: 100
Time Allowed: 3 hours
I. Definitions of Crime
II. All Provisions of:
  • Concept of arbitration, arbitration with or without intervention of court and in civil suits.
  • Establishment of Civil Courts with their Original & Appellate Jurisdiction.
  • The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
  • Pakistan Penal Code, 1860
  • Qanun-e-Shahadat Order, 1984
  • Criminal Procedure Code, 1898

English Literature

English Literature

CSS English Literature Paper Syllabus
Total Marks: 100
Time Allowed: 3 hours
The paper is divided into six components along with the marks allocation for each component.
I. Essays: (10 Marks)
  • Bertrand Russell (The Conquest of Happiness)
  • George Orwell (Politics and the English Language; The Prevention of Literature)
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson (The Transcendentalist; Self-Reliance)
II. Short Stories: (10 Marks)
  • Somerset Maugham (The Lotus-Eater)
  • G.K.Chesterton (A Somewhat Improbable Story)
  • O’Henry (The Gift of the Magi)
III. Poetry: (20 marks)
  • William Wordsworth (Resolution and Independence; Lines Composed Few Miles Above, Tintern Abbey)
  • John Keats (Ode to a Nightingale; Ode to Autumn)
  • Lord Alfred Tennyson (Ulysses; The Lady of Shalott)
  • Yeats (A Dialogue of Self and Soul; The Second Coming)
  • Eliot (The Wasteland; Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock)
  • Philip Larkin (Maturity; Continuing to Live; The Trees)
  • Wallace Stevens (A Postcard from the Volcano; Continual Conversation with a Silent Man; Dry Loaf) OR Walt Whitman (As I Ponder’d in Silence; Are You the New Person Drawn Toward Me?; This Moment Yearning and Thoughtful)
IV. Drama: (20 marks)
  • Shakespeare (Hamlet; King Lear; Twelfth Night)
  • William Congreve (The Way of the World)
  • Shaw (Pygmalion; Heartbreak House )
  • Harold Pinter (The Caretaker)
  • Samuel Beckett (Waiting for Godot)
  • Eugene O’Neill (Long Day’s Journey into Night)
V. Novels: (20 marks)
  • Thomas Hardy (Far from the Madding Crowd)
  • D.H. Lawrence (Sons and Lovers)
  • George Orwell (Nineteen Eighty-four)
  • James Joyce (A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man)
  • Iris Murdoch (Under the Net)
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne (The Scarlet Letter) or William Faulkner (The Sound and the Fury)
VI. Literacy Theory & Criticism (20 Marks)
  • Structuralism
  • Marxism
  • Deconstructionism
  • Psychoanalytic criticism
  • Feminist criticism
  • Postcolonial Criticism
NOTE: The texts are mentioned in brackets in front of each author’s name. However, for the component on “Literary Theory and Criticism” and for understanding poetry and drama, particularly 20th century poetry and Drama.

English Literature

English Literature

CSS English Literature Paper Syllabus
Total Marks: 100
Time Allowed: 3 hours
The paper is divided into six components along with the marks allocation for each component.
I. Essays: (10 Marks)
  • Bertrand Russell (The Conquest of Happiness)
  • George Orwell (Politics and the English Language; The Prevention of Literature)
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson (The Transcendentalist; Self-Reliance)
II. Short Stories: (10 Marks)
  • Somerset Maugham (The Lotus-Eater)
  • G.K.Chesterton (A Somewhat Improbable Story)
  • O’Henry (The Gift of the Magi)
III. Poetry: (20 marks)
  • William Wordsworth (Resolution and Independence; Lines Composed Few Miles Above, Tintern Abbey)
  • John Keats (Ode to a Nightingale; Ode to Autumn)
  • Lord Alfred Tennyson (Ulysses; The Lady of Shalott)
  • Yeats (A Dialogue of Self and Soul; The Second Coming)
  • Eliot (The Wasteland; Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock)
  • Philip Larkin (Maturity; Continuing to Live; The Trees)
  • Wallace Stevens (A Postcard from the Volcano; Continual Conversation with a Silent Man; Dry Loaf) OR Walt Whitman (As I Ponder’d in Silence; Are You the New Person Drawn Toward Me?; This Moment Yearning and Thoughtful)
IV. Drama: (20 marks)
  • Shakespeare (Hamlet; King Lear; Twelfth Night)
  • William Congreve (The Way of the World)
  • Shaw (Pygmalion; Heartbreak House )
  • Harold Pinter (The Caretaker)
  • Samuel Beckett (Waiting for Godot)
  • Eugene O’Neill (Long Day’s Journey into Night)
V. Novels: (20 marks)
  • Thomas Hardy (Far from the Madding Crowd)
  • D.H. Lawrence (Sons and Lovers)
  • George Orwell (Nineteen Eighty-four)
  • James Joyce (A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man)
  • Iris Murdoch (Under the Net)
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne (The Scarlet Letter) or William Faulkner (The Sound and the Fury)
VI. Literacy Theory & Criticism (20 Marks)
  • Structuralism
  • Marxism
  • Deconstructionism
  • Psychoanalytic criticism
  • Feminist criticism
  • Postcolonial Criticism
NOTE: The texts are mentioned in brackets in front of each author’s name. However, for the component on “Literary Theory and Criticism” and for understanding poetry and drama, particularly 20th century poetry and Drama.

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