Saturday, 4 May 2019

The Gulistan of Sa’di questions and answers




1. What was the advice given by Nushirvan to his people?
Nushirvan advised his people to pay for everything lest it should become a custom and the village be ruined. He told his people that the foundation of oppression was small in the world. Whoever enlarged it, was at fault. If the king eats one apple from the garden of a subject, his slaves will pull down the whole tree.
2. What was the remedy suggested by the physicians for the disease of the king?
The king was suffering from a very fatal disease. The physicians tried all sorts of medicines but failed to cure it. It was becoming from bad to worse. The king was in a critical condition and all hopes of his recovery vanished. At last, the physicians suggested to the king to use bile of a person endued with certain qualities to cure his disease.
3. Why did the boy look to the sky and smile?
The boy was purchased by the king to be slaughtered for his health. He wanted to use his bile for the treatment of his deadly disease. The boy was in a helpless situation. Even his parents abandoned him for the trash of the world. He found no refuge except Almighty Allah. He knew that only God was with him in this critical time. So he looked to the sky and smiled.
4. What should be the role of a Qazi?
The role of a Qazi is very important. He should do justice to everybody. He should be neutral and fair. He should make no difference between the rich and the poor. He should decide cases purely on merit. He must ensure that all requirements of justice are fulfilled. He should perform his duty honestly and fearlessly.
5. Why did the king weep?
The king purchased the boy to slaughter him for his treatment. He felt guilty and ashamed of his cruelty. He thought that he was going to shed the blood of an innocent boy. He felt pity for the boy and began to weep. At last, he took mercy on him and freed him.
6. How did the king recover?
The king purchased the boy to slaughter him for his treatment. He felt guilty and ashamed of his cruelty. He thought that he was going to shed the blood of an innocent boy. He felt pity for the boy and began to weep. At last, he took mercy on him and freed him. The king also recovered from the fatal disease and regained health through his good deed.


Long textual questions and answers.
1. Write a note on the character of Nushirvan.
He was famous for his justice. He was very kind and sympathetic to his subjects. He treated them with equality and justice. His people liked and obeyed him. He advised his people to pay for everything and not to take anything free of cost.
2. What should be the role of a king?
The role of a king is very important. He should treat everybody equally and justly. He should be kind and sympathetic to his people. He should not be cruel and harsh towards them. He should ensure their safety and protection. He should also take care of their needs.
3. Can an unjust king flourish?
An unjust king cannot flourish. He cannot rule over them for a long time. Sooner or later, the people will stand against him. They will challenge his authority. There will be bloodshed and disorder. At last, the people will bring a revolution and end his cruel rule. That is why a king should be just and honest.
4. What moral lesson do you get from the second tale?
The moral lesson of the second tale is that a tyrant does not remain in the world, but the curse on him abides for ever. Nobody likes a cruel person. He is hated and cursed by all. Even after his death, the people speak ill of him.
5. Compare and contrast the three tales.
The three tales describe very interesting incidents with very valuable moral lessons. The first tale gives the moral lesson that a man does not realize the worth of safety from the misfortune until he has tasted it. The second tale gives the moral lesson that a tyrant does not remain in the world, but the curse on him abides for ever. The third tale gives the moral lesson that a person who takes mercy on others is blessed by God.

6. Describe an event in which the trouble of one person affects the others.
Once a king and his slave were sailing in the same boat. The slave had the first experience of the sea. He began to cry for fear of being drowned. He created trouble and discomfort for the king and others. He was thrown into the sea and then taken out. He then became silent and peaceful. He realized the worth of safety in the boat

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